Dental Chat About the use of Platelet-Rich Plasma and the Advancements in Dental Stem Cells.
The term regenerative medicine was first used in the late 1990s. This term refers to the regrowth or replacement of human cells, tissue, and /or organs to create normal functionality. The use of regenerative medicine has endless possibilities in all disciplines within the medical community. One regenerative procedure used in Dentistry and Oral medicine is Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) therapy. In this article in Dental Chat, we will cover some common dentist questions about regenerative therapies and stem cell dental care. We will explain some ways that Dentists and Oral Surgeons use PRP in dental care. We will also discuss some advancements in dental stem cell research and its potential use in the dental and medical fields.
What is Platelet-Rich Plasma?
Platelet-Rich Plasma or PRP is derived by concentrating the plasma in the blood. Plasma is a component of the blood that is uniquely rich in small disk-shaped cellular fragments called platelets. The platelets respond to bleeding in the body. This response starts the clotting process which in turn speeds up healing. PRP has been used successfully in hospital settings for years to promote healing within the body. Recently the use of PRP has been adopted in dental and oral medicine practice.
How is PRP obtained for dental use?
The collection of PRP and preparation can be done on the same day as a scheduled dental procedure. PRP is obtained by drawing 50-60 MLS (about 4 tablespoons) of blood from the patient before the procedure. The blood is drawn from the patient by means of a routine blood draw. The blood is then spun through a centrifuge and the PRP is separated out from the rest of the blood. This concentrated plasma (PRP)is now ready to be used.
What is the benefit of using PRP during a dental procedure or oral surgery?
PRP helps the body use its own mechanisms to speed up the healing process. PRP can be used in many types of procedures:
Just to name a few. Once the PRP is applied it decreases the risk of infection, it accelerates the healing process and can decrease the discomfort. Safety is one of the major advantages of PRP. Since the PRP comes from the patient's own blood there is no risk of transmitting disease or rejection. PRP usage can be beneficial for all age groups. Elderly patients are the predominant age group for PRP therapies. The fact that tissue and bone tend to degenerate as individuals age make them the perfect demographic.
What happens when a tooth is extracted?
Teeth are extracted for a number of reasons. Damage, decay, crowding, and infection to name a few. Removal of a tooth involves the injection of numbing medicine into the gums for comfort. Once the numbness has achieved the dentist or surgery will use an instrument to pull the tooth out. Cutting away tissue and bone may be needed if the tooth is impacted. Once the tooth is removed a blood clot normally forms in the space where the tooth was located. If gum and bone had to be removed, then stitches may be necessary. Sometimes the formed blood clot comes out too early and irritation occurs. This condition is known as a dry socket.
Can PRP help with a dry socket?
Dry socket is a temporary condition that sometimes occurs after tooth removal. When the tooth is removed a blood clot forms in the space (socket) where the tooth used to sit. This clot protects the nerves. When the clot comes out early that space no longer has a protective cover. The nerves are no longer protected from irritants such as food particles, saliva, and air. These substances can cause irritation and discomfort. This condition is referred to as a dry socket. Dry socket can be remarkably decreased by the use of PRP. The PRP is placed where the clot would normally form. It starts working by protecting the nerves, speeding up the healing process, and decreasing pain and discomfort.
What are Stem Cells?
Stem Cells can be thought of as a generic cell without a specific role. The body is able to regenerate and produce specialized cells from those stem cells. Stem cells are similar to PRP because both promote the body to heal. Stem cells are found deep within the tissues of the body. Stem cells from bone marrow and umbilical cord blood have been used successfully in medical treatments. Conveniently, the teeth also contain numerous stem cells. The average tooth contains about two million cells. These cells are called dental stem cells. Research has been ongoing since the discovery of dental stem cells. Currently, dental stem cells have only been used in clinical trials. Dental stem cells use is an emerging science that will lead to important medical and dental therapies in the near future. With this emerging research, there has been a rise in interest in dental stem cell banking. This involves collecting and storing dental stem cells and preserving them. Cord blood storage banks have been present and popular for years. Umbilical cord blood is collected and saved following the birth of a child. Dental stem cell banks are similar. Dental stem cells are collected from a viable tooth and stored or “banked” for future use. Both types are ways of preserving stem cells but of different types.
How are Stem Cells obtained?
Stem cells can be collected from an extracted tooth as long as the pulp of the tooth is intact. Stem cells can also be harvested on the same day as a planned dental procedure. Intact baby, permanent, and wisdom teeth all contain dental stem cells. Teeth that have constant blood flow maintained to them are the best samples for stem cells. Unfortunately, teeth that have fallen out or have been saved are not good for stem cell collecting. Umbilical cord blood collected after childbirth is a stem cell-rich source. Some medical companies provide stem cells to various dental practices as well.
What Potential Benefits do Dental Stem Cells hold for the Medical and Dental Community?
Stem cells have the potential to be used for a variety of oral and dental procedures. The majority of uses would be for repair purposes. Damage to the tooth dentin, pulp, and root could be regenerated by the use of stem cells. Whole tooth regeneration could potentially be a reality in the near future. Other possible uses in oral medicine involve the regeneration of lost tissue related to gum and mouth diseases.
We will be discussion Dental Stem Cells Treatment more in upcoming Dental Stem Cell Blogs. Stem Cell Dentistry Chat Online and Local Dentist Stem Cells Discussion Online with us.
What other medical treatments could Dental Stem Cells be used for?
Not only are the dental stem cells the easiest to collect, but they are also the most powerful stem cells in the human body. Studies have found that dental stem cells reproduce faster for a longer period of time than stem cells obtained from other locations in the body. Stem cells, in general, can be used to heal and restore many different types of tissues. They can help heal nerves, bone, skin, and muscle tissue. New treatments using stem cells have been developed to treat a wide range of conditions such as:
-Diabetes -Heart disease -Leukemia -Parkinson’s Disease With additional medical trials and research dental stem cells could offer the potential for regeneration therapies as well.
Can Dental Stem Cells be Stored?
In addition to dental stem cells being easy to harvest they are very affordable to collect and store for future use. Bone marrow and cord blood are other ways of obtaining stem cells but are more expensive and more invasive to collect. The tooth can be referred to as nature's treasure chest that holds priceless stem cells. Baby, permanent, and wisdom teeth all contain millions of these remarkable cells. Only teeth that have had blood flow maintained to them will have usable stem cells. Teeth that have fallen out on their own are not candidates for cell removal. Loose teeth are viable as soon as they start to wiggle. The loose tooth should be removed by natural exfoliating measures.
We did Dental Stem Cells Treatment Blog, Stem Cell Dentistry Chat and discussed how Dentists are using Stem Cells in this Dentist Stem Cell Blog. We are networking with stem cell dentists and health care companies - as we want to better inform our users on DentalChat.
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