Most elderly adults have some degree of gum disease. Gum disease can start from a young age. Many people suffer from gum disease and have local periodontal problem questions or online dental gingiva questions about their gum disease problem. Gum disease can vary from slight gingivitis to severe gum disease called periodontitis. Poor oral hygiene is one of the main causes, but not the only reason people have gum disease. We will be periodontal chatting online in this dental blog. Periodontal meaning the structures surrounding the tooth - with perio meaning around the tooth in Greek and odonto coming from the Greek word meaning tooth. Hence, the structures surrounding or supporting the tooth.
Millions of people have some form of gum disease - with elderly people having possibly more aggressive forms of gum disease than youngsters.
What is Gingivitis?
How to Treat Gingivitis?
We will be discussing various forms of gum disease in this dental article.
Gingivitis is the milder form of gum disease - if not properly dealt with and treated, it may become periodontitis. Not all gingivitis does become periodontitis. Many things can cause gingivitis including poor oral hygiene, hormonal changes such as in pregnancy and habits such as smoking / using smokeless tobacco. Pregnancy gingivitis happens to some pregnant women, which may surprise them. Usually, they notice the puffiness of their gums and much more bleeding when flossing or tooth brushing. Getting regular dental prophy and dental cleaning at the dental office is key to treating this.
Periodontitis is a severe form of gum infection that attacks the soft tissue area of the mouth and may damage the bone that supports the teeth - hence, it can see the bone loss in the mouth and around the teeth where have periodontal disease. This disease if not properly treated, may lead to teeth becoming loose (tooth mobility) or the loss of the tooth/teeth. It is the most common gum diseases but it is curable. It may be a result of poor oral hygiene or personal oral hygiene - that is, not doing regular daily oral care.
Taking care of the teeth by brushing twice in a day, flossing daily and seeing the dentist for check-ups regularly can improve the chances of not developing various forms of gum disease.
- HERE ARE SOME OF THE SYMPTOMS
For you to identify a healthy gum, it should be looking kind of pale pink, be fairly firm and tightly fit snuggly around the teeth. But you can identify the sign of periodontitis with the following
- Dusky red or purplish gums (ideally like the gums to be pinkish without inflammation)
- Bad breath
- Painful chewing
- Swollen or puffy gums
- Gums that bleed easily
- Gums that feel tender when touched
- New spaces developing between your teeth
- A change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
- Teeth mobility
Periodontitis is characterized by puffy, swollen inflamed gingiva, gums that bleed easily when doing regular things such as flossing & brushing, bad breath and in severe forms of periodontitis - will notice loose tooth or teeth mobility, which may end up causing teeth loss in the mouth if not treated.
There are different categories of periodontitis, based on severity and how & when it occurs.
- Chronic Periodontitis Chat
The most occurring type of periodontitis is called Chronic Periodontitis. Chronic periodontitis is the most occurring type that is usually found in adults, though that does not mean children are not affected. This chronic type of periodontal problem is usually caused by overtime buildup of gum infections, it usually occurs slowly this will over time get worse and causes damage to the gum and bone of the mouth and teeth may be the loss of teeth, if not treated.
- Aggressive Periodontitis Blog:
Aggressive periodontitis usually begins in childhood or early adulthood and affects only a small number of people. It tends to affect families and causes rapid progression of bone and tooth loss if untreated.
Necrotizing periodontal disease is usually featured with the death of the gum tissues, supporting bone and the tooth ligament, this was because there is no supply of blood to all these parts. This is usually found in people with an immune system that has been suppressed which include HIV patients, cancer patient and other diseases even malnutrition.
When to see a dentist
Most time dentists have their own schedule for checkup hours. If there are any signs of periodontitis notice in your teeth, make sure you see a dentist as soon as you can, the earlier you take care of your teeth the better chances of taking care of any diseases at their early stage, this will prevent damage and reverting the damages done by periodontitis.
- Major Causes of Periodontitis
The first sign you will notice from periodontitis is a large amount of plaque build-up. It starts with a sticky film that is made of bacteria. This plaque build-up can end up in calculus (calcified plaque over time) and if care & attention is not given to it- it may advance to periodontitis.
The plague starts when the bacteria in the mouth form a reaction with sugar and starches in your mouth. This can be avoided by making sure you brush your teeth at least twice in a day and flossing once on a day this can help to remove plague but they reform quickly.
Most of this plaque can be found under the calculus if it stays long in your teeth. The most difficult to remove is the one found under the tartar. So it means the liner you have the plague on your teeth the more destruction it will affect your teeth. This tartar can be removed by flossing and brushing your teeth regularly. To get rid of this, you need to see a dentist remove the problem.
Gingivitis can be caused by plaque which is the mildest stage of periodontal diseases. Inflammation and irritation of the gum part which is always around the base of the teeth (gingiva) are what is referred to as Gingivitis. These diseases can be retracted using a professional treatment from the dentist and good oral care and hygiene.
Frequent gum inflation can also lead to periodontitis, eventually causing pockets to develop between your gums and teeth that fill with plaque, tartar, and bacteria. In time, these pockets become deeper, filling with more bacteria. If not treated, these deep infections cause a loss of tissue and bone, and ultimately you may lose one or more teeth. Also, ongoing chronic inflammation can put a strain on your immune system.
- Why get Scaling and Root Planing Dental Procedure done?
One dental question we at Dental Chat get a lot is, what is scaling and root planing? Scaling and root planing is a dental procedure that dentists and hygienists use in treating the plaque build-up under the gums - this is usually referred to as sug-gingival plaque or subgingivally calculus build-up. To better understand that, just think of teeth - the portion of the tooth that is visible is usually on top of the gums - hence, it is called supragingival / supragingival or above the gum. The portion of the tooth that is under that gum or below the gum is called sub-gingival (below gingival line = subgingival). The plaque and calculus that starts to build under the gingiva or below the gum line are termed as subgingival calculus or subgingival plaque build-up.
- Risk factors that can cause Periodontitis
- Here is the type of risk factors that can increase your periodontitis include:
Poor oral health habits
Smoking or chewing tobacco
Certain medications that cause dry mouth or gum changes
Hormonal changes, such as those related to pregnancy or menopause
Inadequate nutrition, including vitamin C deficiency
Certain diseases, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, and Crohn's disease
Conditions that cause decreased immunity, such as leukemia, HIV/AIDS and cancer treatment
- Complications with Periodontitis
Periodontitis can lead to decay and loss of teeth. Research has demonstrated that bacteria that cause Periodontitis can gain entrance into your bloodstream through your gum tissues. This may affect your lungs and your heart function. Also, Periodontitis is associated with a respiratory disorder, coronary artery diseases or stroke, rheumatoid.
- Prevention of Periodontitis Blogging:
Here are the following steps to follow to avoid Periodontitis or treat Periodontitis, this must be carried out on a routine basis.
- Good Oral Hygiene Information, Online Oral Hygiene Chat:
This means, every day you should brush your teeth twice a day - in the morning and before going to bed. It is not a good idea to brush too hard or abrasively. Good idea to also floss at least once a day. It is always advisable to floss before you brush because this helps removes loose food particles from your oral cavity. Using appropriate or proper toothbrushing and flossing techniques.
Dentist Chat about Gingivitis Problems and Perio Treatment Chatting online with us. We want to discuss various dental topics. Local Periodontal Chat, Bad Gums Treatment Discussion, Treating Perio Disease Blog and Online Gingivitis Chat with us - can also check out other dental blogs such as Swollen Painful Gums Dental Blog article here at Dental Chat. Here is the link
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