ORAL AND MAXILLOFACIAL PATHOLOGY/ ORAL SURGERY

Oral Maxillofacial Injury / Injury Trauma

Many of these happen to children as they learn to walk, get into sports accidents, violence, etc.  It is now becoming more prevalent with young adults - specially those in contact sports and extreme sports. 

Gum Disease

Several forms of gum disease can occur in adults, and their severity ranges from mildly swollen, to bleeding gums to complete tooth loss. Usually it starts with gum disease such as gingivitis -- that can be caused by plaque irritating the soft tissues along the gum line.  As it gradually gets worse and the bacteria increases, it can become periodontitis. Can gradually see the gums to start to recede from the teeth -- and as it gets worse can lead to mandibular or maxilla bone lose in the jaw - which can lead to tooth loss or teeth loss if not treated by a dentist or dental specialist -- such as a periodontist.   In adults and elderly, this can be one of the main reasons with losing teeth.  Good oral hygiene (brushing and flossing) and regular dental office visits to get oral prophy / dental cleanings can help with reducing gum problems.

Infectious Diseases

These can include infectious oral diseases such as oral herpes, which occurs in patients who have been exposed to the herpes simplex virus. Other oral diseases can be fungal and viral infections which sometimes can be seen in patients who are HIV positive. Can see cold sores and fever blisters to develop on the lips, under the tongue and in the soft tissues inside your cheeks.  Going and getting a dentist oral exam which comes with a dental cleaning is a good idea if see any of these conditions. Filling out a proper medical history form and letting your dentist know this is a good start so they can keep an eye out for certain conditions. 

Oral Cancers

Oral Cancers -- there are several that are common.  The most important thing is to get your regular dental office visits where they check for this.  Also, any type of oral formations in the mouth should be mentioned to your dentist.  They can evaluate and sometimes, if they see fit - they may take a biopsy to further see what is going on.  

By filling out your medical history form properly and letting your dentist know for instance are getting radiation treatment for cancer, will let the dentist check for dry mouth and the symptoms that can arise from it.

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