What is a General Dentistry and Different type of Dental Specialities?

Dentistry is the special field of medicine, but it is itself a very wide subject. Dental complications are very diverse in kind that they need proper research for understanding. Perhaps, this is the reason why there are almost five different dental specialties. It is necessary for BDS (Bachelor of Dentist Surgery) students to know about each kind of specialty before they embark on a career in this field. Such knowledge is essential for patients as well, because they need to decide which the right dentist is.

Here are the different specialties of dentists.

  1. General Dentist

A general dentist is one who has done BDS and has not received any specialized post-graduate education. General dentist not only provides the basic treatments but also can aid the policy makers or relevant bodies to govern the regulations related to the field. Usually, a general dentist who is not a surgeon can’t perform complex surgeries in most sensitive cases. Like, he may treat root canal only if it is not a severe case.

  1. Pediatric Dentist

Pediatric Dentists are specialists who take care for the oral hygiene of kids from infancy to teenage. The reason why a dentist must have a specialty in treating the kids, lies in the sedation requirements. Providing dental treatment to kids may require something more than just anesthesia. Here a Paedodontist would have to decide what the right chemical is. In most of the cases, a nitrous oxide which is also called as laughing gas is used. Even if this is not sufficient, then Paedodontist may choose for some intravenous injection to sedate the young patient. Usually, handling kids in this situation is difficult as they are more inclined to sleep. Hence, the services of nurses are also called for.

  1. Periodontist

Complications related to oral hygiene come under the Periodontist. Their services are of very wide range like treating the inflammation in gums and surrounding tissues. They also offer root planning and scaling. In the case of root planning, they clean the teeth root by clearing the debris. A Periodontist uses special techniques to know how teeth fit into the gums while eating. He also uses instruments to measure spaces between gum and teeth. To perform the complex surgeries on gums, he must be familiar with patient’s medical history.

  1. Prosthodontist

When it comes to providing the tooth replacement appliances, then Prosthodontists play their role. They provide dentures, crowns, and bridges for special surgeries. In fact, their role is more complex. They also provide appliances for patients who suffer from cleft palate; which is a sensitive issue to tackle.  

  1. Oral Pathologists and Oral Surgeons

Oral Pathologists and Oral surgeons carry out most complicated surgical procedures. They undertake the microscopic examination of some tissue samples and lesions that different dentists send them. Oral surgeons are also responsible for crown implants by taking into account the precision of tissues and placements of teeth according to gums. They also perform biopsies on tissues surrounding the teeth, when required.

  1. Endodontist

An Endodontist is basically a specialist in root canal therapy. A general dentist can also treat the ailments of the root canal, but at times, complications are likely to grow worse. In severe cases, patients are referred to Endodontist.

Patients who have suffered any issue related to root canal are very well aware of the severity of pain. The reason is that root canal is a very much sensitive part. Teeth roots have pointed edges. In case any injury occurs, or a cavity is formed in the root, the victim suffers severe pain. In many cases, he is not even able to speak or eat properly.

Treating the root canal

The filling is the most commonly practiced way of the root canal. The process involves the filling of a material known as gutta-percha, which protects the teeth from any infection and contamination. After filling, a crown that resembles one of the real teeth is placed on gutta-percha to secure the filling. To provide extra support Endodontist places a post. It takes few days for a root canal to return to its normal condition.

Teeth Sensitivity

Teeth sensitivity is a very common dental complication. Decaying tooth is more likely to become sensitive to hot and cold food.  Consuming beverages, like carbonated drinks, and not brushing properly after eating, is the main reason of decaying teeth. Further, too much hard brushing can destroy enamel (upper-layer) making the tooth surface more vulnerable. Tooth sensitivity is also caused by leakage, from the recently filled root canal. This condition, if prevails makes the teeth sensitive to too cold and too hot food, like ice-cream and coffee.

Briefly, a worn out decaying tooth doesn’t remain capable of tolerating effects of temperature. Hence, intake of even a slightly cold water or hot drink becomes difficult. Teeth sensitivity is treated by analyzing the root cause. Mostly, surgical gum graft, bonding, a desensitized Toothpaste and Fluoride Gel, are the cure for a sensitive tooth. The dentist can also opt for a root canal to close the cavities in certain cases. Usually, through brushing after eating can prevent teeth sensitivity.